What is a foster care (guardianship)?
A foster care (guardianship) is established for a child in cases where the child‘s parents due to various adverse circumstances such as addictions, diseases, lack of social skills, failure to take proper care for a child or abuse of parental authority cannot raise a child by themselves.
If a child is over 14 years of age, the guardianship is established and a guardian is appointed for such child. These terms are related to the child's participation in making the decisions that concern the child or when representing his/her interests; the child has a greater share of responsibility. There is no essential difference between the duties of a foster parent and a guardian.
Foster care (guardianship) is a care, upbringing and education of a child removed from parental care who in accordance with the laws has been entrusted to a natural person or legal entity, also ensuring and maintenance of other proper conditions that are necessary for the child to develop both spiritually and physically, the protection and representation of personal, property rights and legitimate interests of a child.
The participants of the child‘s foster care (guardianship) are: a child removed from parental care, his/her biological family (the parents and relatives of a child) and a foster parent (guardian). This foster care (guardianship) is carried out together with the Child Rights Protection Divisions and other institutions related to the Child Rights Protection. In case of a foster care (guardianship) the parents remain obliged to a certain extent in respect of their children, for example they have a duty to pay maintenance and also have the right to see their child if this is not in conflict with the child's interests.
The procedures of establishing and maintenance of a foster care for a child are governed by the Regulations of organizing foster care of a child.